Particles that pollute the air many kinds and types, depending on the kinds and types of industrial activities and existing technology. Regarding the kinds and types of particulate air pollutants and sources of pollution has man. In general, particles that pollute the air can damage the environment, plants, animals and humans. The particles are very harmful to human health. In general, the air that has been polluted by particles can cause various respiratory diseases or pneumoconiosis.
At a time when people breathe in, air containing particles will be inhaled into the lungs. Size particles (dust) that goes into the lungs will determine the position of the attachment or deposition of these particles. Particle size less than 5 microns will be retained in the upper respiratory tract, whereas the particle size of 3 to 5 microns will be stuck in the middle part of the respiratory tract. Particles that are smaller, 1 to 3 microns, will go into the air sacs of the lungs, attached to the alveoli. Even smaller particles, less than 1 micron, will drop out when the breath is exhaled.
Pneumoconiosis is a respiratory illness that is caused by particles (dust) that enter or settle in the lungs. Pnemokoniosis diseases of many kinds, depending on the type of particles (dust) entering or inhaled into the lungs. Some types of pneumoconiosis disease is often found in areas that have many industrial activities and technologies, ie silicosis, asbestosis, Byssinosis, Antrakosis and Beriliosis
1. Disease Beriliosis
Air contaminated by beryllium metal dust, either in the form of pure metals, oxides, sulfates, or in the form halogenida, can cause respiratory illness called beriliosis. The metal dust can cause nasoparingtis, bronchitis and pneumonitis characterized by slight symptoms of fever, dry cough and shortness of breath. Beriliosis disease can occur in industrial workers who use a mixture of metal beryllium, copper, workers at the factory fluorescent, radio tube manufacturing plant and also the material processing workers supporting the nuclear industry.
2. Disease Antrakosis
Antrakosis disease is a respiratory disease caused by coal dust. The disease is usually found in the coal mine workers or the workers that many involve the use of coal, such as coal pengumpa the iron furnace, locomotives (stoker) and also on coal-powered ships, as well as workers in the central boiler-fired Power Plant coal. The incubation period of the disease is between 2-4 years. As with any disease silicosis and other diseases pneumokonisosi, antrakosis disease is also characterized by a feeling of suffocation. Because the coal dust is sometimes also contained the silicate dust antrakosis disease is also often accompanied with the disease silicosis. When this happens, the disease is called silikoantrakosis. Antrakosis disease there are three kinds, namely pure antrakosis disease, illness and disease silikoantraksosis tuberkolosilikoantrakosis.
Diseases caused antrakosis pure coal dust. This disease requires a long time to be heavy, and relatively not so dangerous. Antrakosis disease becomes severe when accompanied by complications or emphysema that allows the death. If it happens then antrakosis pure emphysema heavier than silikoantraksosis relatively rarely followed by emphysema. Actually, between pure and silikoantraksosi antrakosis difficult to distinguish, except from the source cause. While tuberkolosilikoantrakosis disease easier to distinguish from other antrakosis both diseases. This difference is easily seen from fototorak that showed abnormalities in the lungs as a result of coal dust and silicate dust, as well as the tuberculosis bacillus which attacks the lungs
3. Disease Byssinosis
Byssinosis disease is pneumoconiosis disease caused by breathing dust contamination or cotton fibers in the air which is then inhaled into the lungs. Dust cotton or cotton fibers are widely found in cotton spinning mills, textile mills, cotton companies and warehousing as well as factories or other work that use cotton or textiles; such as a mattress manufacture, manufacture of seat and so forth.
Byssinosis disease incubation period is quite long, which is about 5 years. Early signs of this disease Byssinosis of breathlessness, chest feels heavy, especially on Mondays (ie the beginning of work on a weekly basis). A psychic every Monday to work the illness Byssinosis feel a heavy burden on the chest and shortness of breath. Allergic reactions due to the cotton that goes into the respiratory tract was also an early symptom Byssinosis. At his advanced Byssinosis or severe, the disease is usually followed by chronic bronchitis disease and may also be accompanied by emphysem
4. Disease Asbestosis
Asbestosis is a disease of occupational diseases caused by asbestos dust or fibers that pollute the air. Asbestos is a mixture of various kinds of silicate, but the main thing is magnesium silicate. Asbestos dust often found in factories and industries that use asbestos, asbestos fiber spinning mills, factories and other asbestos roof.
Asbestos dust is breathed into the lungs will cause shortness of breath and cough accompanied by phlegm. Fingertips sufferer will appear enlarged / widened. If the sputum examination will look for asbestos dust in the sputum. The use of asbestos for various purposes would need to be followed by an awareness of safety and environmental health in order not to lead to asbestosis this
5. Disease Silicosis
Silicosis is a disease caused by silica dust pollution-free, such as SiO2, which is inhaled into the lungs and then the precipitate. Free silica dust is abundant in iron and steel, ceramics, concrete casting, metal working workshop (filing, grinding, etc.). Apart from that, there are also many silica dust in the place where the cross section of iron ore, tin and coal mines. The use of coal as a fuel also generate a lot of free silica dust SiO2. At the time burned, silica dust will come out and dispersed into the air together - together with other particles, such as dust alumina, iron oxide and carbon in the form of ash.
Silica dust that enters the lungs will have an incubation period of about 2 to 4 years. The incubation period will be shorter, or symptoms of silicosis disease will soon appear, if the silica concentration in the air is quite high and is inhaled into the lungs in large quantities. Silicosis disease characterized by shortness of breath accompanied by coughing. This cough is often not accompanied by phlegm. At silicosis behavior being, symptoms of shortness of breath that accompanied visible and on inspection fototoraks lung abnormalities easily observed. If the disease is severe silicosis then shortness of breath gets worse and then followed with cardiac hypertrophy right which will lead to failure of the heart.
Workplace potential for silica dust contaminated by the need to gain control occupational health and safety and strict environmental cause silicosis disease there is no cure proper. Preventive action is more important and significant than the actions of treatment. Disease silicosis would be worse if the patient had previously been suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, asthma broonchiale and other respiratory tract diseases.
Supervision and periodic health checks for workers would greatly assist the prevention and control of occupational diseases. Data entry worker health before work, during work and after work should be noted for reflection worker medical history if any - time is required..
Ok friend you have read all the dangers of pollution particles in the air of dust brought in around us, may be useful