At least three things to note about the food for the care of people with diabetes are:
1. What to eat
2. How much should be eaten, and
3. When to eat
Making wise food choices will help the patient to:
a. feel better every day
b. lose weight, if necessary
c. reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other problems caused by diabetes
Patients can also keep blood glucose levels in order to remain in the range of tolerance by means of:
1. make wiser food choices
2. physically active
3. taking medication if needed
Here is the range of blood glucose levels for diabetics:
a. Before eating: 70-130mg / dL
b. 1-2 hours after a meal: <180
For people who use certain diabetes medications, it is better to follow the schedule of meals, snacks, and regular physical activity.
However, some diabetes medications allow for more flexibility. Patients can cooperate with the health care team to make the best diabetes plan.
Sometimes people with diabetes have a condition in which blood glucose levels are low is often called hypoglycemia.
Conditions of low blood glucose can make people become shaky, weak, confused, irritable, hungry, or tired. Patients may also be sweating a lot or feel a headache.
If patients experience these symptoms, immediately check the blood glucose level.
If the result is below 70mg / dL, do one of the following steps:
1. Eat 3 or 4 glucose tablets
2. Eat one serving of glucose-gel, this amount is equal to 15 grams of carbohydrates
3. Drink 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of fruit juice
4. Drink 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of non-diet soft drink
5. Drink 1 cup milk
6. Eat 5 or 6 pieces of candy
7. Eat 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
After 15 minutes, check blood glucose again. If still too low, repeat this step until the blood sugar levels 70mg / dL or higher.
If it happened an hour or more before the next meal, the patient should eat snacks as well.
Diabetes food pyramid can help patients make wise food choices.
Pyramid divides food into several groups, based on the content of the food. Eat more of the groups the bottom of the pyramid, and a little of the above groups.
Food from flour, fruits, vegetables, and milk is the highest group that contains a lot of carbohydrates. Thus, these foods will greatly affect blood glucose levels.
Consult your doctor or diabetes experts about how many meals and snacks should be eaten every day.
What and when people eat, affects how diabetes drugs work. Talk with your doctor or diabetes experts about when the patient must take medication diabetes